Music production

The music production dictionary is divided into four categories: "Documents", "People", "Elements", "Technique". The terms collected in the dictionary refer to the products of concerts, parties, raves and festivals.


Technical rider

The list of equipment for musicians, which is handed over to the organizers for the technical support of the performance. As a rule, this document includes a detailed list of musical and lighting equipment (with specifications), a plan for the placement of musicians and equipment on stage, etc. Also, the conditions for conducting a sound check may be prescribed in the technical rider.

(Household) rider

A document in which the list of demands of musicians of a domestic nature is drawn up: transportation, accommodation, food, dressing rooms, special wishes, etc. This document also includes a complete list of the team of musicians, including the sound engineer, director or other accompanying people, for whom accommodation and meals must be provided. Sometimes a household rider may include information about fees.


We remind you that this is a dictionary, and not an exclusive list of mandatory functions in the team. Within the framework of each product, its own set is determined - depending on the needs and volume of products, as well as available resources.

Music manager or director

He guides the musical career of a musician or a group, monitors the commercial component of activity and deals with the promotion of his ward. Often, a music manager also performs administrative and organizational work - for example, drawing up contracts, organizing recordings in the studio, drawing up household riders, etc.

Booking manager

An individual or a booking agency. He provides musicians with performances: sends and accepts requests for performances, negotiates with promoters, administers the signing of contracts.


In a broad sense, this is someone who professionally promotes a certain product or event. In the music industry, this term is often used in the field of raves and electronic music clubs and has a slightly broader meaning, covering the organization of a party under certain conditions. Moreover, the promoter also deals with advertising as part of organizational tasks.

Tour manager

A tour manager accompanies musicians or band(s) during the tour. The scope of tasks of a tour manager may include: creating a route and buying tickets, booking accommodation and meals, communicating with promoters, keeping accounting, solving organizational issues, etc.


Musicians who attract the most attention to the event among listeners. As a rule, the headliner performs at the end of the line-up.


A musician who is attached to a club/label. The resident cooperates with the club under the following conditions: he speaks with a certain frequency, indicates his membership in the club. Instead, the club or promotional group promotes its residents in the music market.

Hunter / talent scout

He is looking for new artists on various platforms. A hunter goes to local festivals and events and helps to put together a line-up for a concert.

Ticket agent

He sells tickets for a commission. In addition, the ticket agent can promote the concert. Sometimes ticket agents help promote the music events.

Concert director

He is responsible for the musical concept and conducting of the concert, manages the artistic part of the event and the creative group.

Sound engineer

The sound engineer manages sound and is responsible for its quality during performance or recording. The main area of ​​responsibility of a sound engineer is to create the appropriate mood and perception among listeners, which musicians and organizers rely on.

Light artist

The light artist controls the light on the stage. Together with the director, he develops the style of the artistic light design, participates in the creation of the design layout, accompanies the installation of the equipment.

Stage designer

Stage designer develops and implements the general concept of the appearance of the scene (placement of elements and synchronization between them). In theatrical productions, this would be called scenography.

Stage manager

Stage manager organizes the work of the stage and is responsible for the technical setup. Responsibilities include communication with all participants of the stage process and their coordination, provision of necessary props and technical support.

Crowd manager

Crowd manager predicts and monitors crowd behavior patterns during an event and ensures event security. Such specialists are involved in mass events and festivals with a large flow of people to avoid risky situations (for example, such as the tragic stampede at the Love Parade in 2010).


The security guard, who monitors order, makes decisions regarding the admission of persons to the territory of the event, etc. And in general - a cool word!


Tour/promo tour

A series of performances in a short period of time in different cities or countries with the same program. Often the tour is organized in support of a new album or other musical program.


List of artists performing at the event.


The sequence of the artists performing at the event.

Sound check

Stage of preparation of a musical event, during which musicians adjust the sound or warm up before the performance. The sound check is held on the day of the musical event, a few hours before its start, or (in the best, but rare case) a day before the concert. In the case of a line-up with several musicians, the sound check is performed in reverse order of the performances during the concert.


Alive performance of male and female musicians at a musical event. Often used in relation to electronic music.

Face control / FC

Restriction of entry to the territory of the event according to certain criteria. Such criteria can be: clothing style, gender, behavior, awareness of party details.

Guest list

List of guests entitled to free entry. Formed by the organizers.


Free ticket.


(After party) - a party that takes place after the main event. As a rule, it is spontaneous, free and can be accompanied by substances and jams of musicians.


(Pre party) - warm-up before the main event. It can be both organized by the organizers of the main event and spontaneously by the participants and visitors of the event.

Fan zone

The event area is dedicated to fans. Most often, such a standing zone is located under the stage, and tickets for it are cheaper.


Actions and processes that the audience does not see, which takes place behind the scene.

Autograph session

An event where musicians sign autographs for fans.


Joint musical improvisation for several musicians.


Collaboration between artists. The results of collaboration in music are most often a joint recording of a composition or a performance.


It is engaged in the publishing of music on physical media or in digital form. The label works with musicians under the terms of a contract that outlines the details of profit sharing, marketing, music recording and work milestones. Thus, the label ensures the promotion and archiving of music.


Branded items for sale to admirers. The merch range can include t-shirts, outerwear, notebooks, lighters and more.



Musical equipment that provides musicians on stage with the opportunity to hear their own performance of music without the influence of the acoustic system.


Musical acoustic equipment that provides listeners with the opportunity to hear the performance of musicians.


A common name for all musical equipment at an event.

Roller skater

Rents out technical equipment to ensure a concert. The list may include sound, light, multimedia equipment.


A part of the speaker system that reproduces low-frequency sounds.


A part of the speaker system that reproduces high-frequency sounds.



Mixer console

A device that allows musicians to combine the acoustic properties of instruments in any combination. It can be analog or controlled from a tablet.

Concert recording

Audio and/or video recorded during a live performance of musicians on stage. Such recordings differ from studio recordings in that they sound of lower quality, but they reproduce the atmosphere of the performance much better.


Operation of the production process of an audio composition, the stage of creation from separately recorded tracks of one composition.


Operation of the audio composition production process, its final stage of creation.

Compilers of the dictionary:

Agency proto produkciia, Olga Dyatel, Alona Karavai, Roman Dyma, Volodymyr Burkovets, Oleksiy Melnychuk, Vitaly Kekukh, Diana Derii


Ilya Razumeyko, Oles Zazulin, Maria Tymoshchuk, Natalya Trambovetska

Proofreading and editing:

Maria Tymoshchuk, Alona Karavai

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